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The Neumann Model U 64  (1966)
miniature cardioid condenser microphone

Neumann U 64 mic

The following description was written by the good people at Neumann in January of 1966. With that thought in mind, phrases such as “the latest,” “newly developed,” “modern design,” and “this new micro­phone,” et cetera, should be interpreted relative to that period in our history.

The Neumann U 64 miniature condenser micro­phone differs from the well-known standard range of miniature micro­phones in the shape of the micro­phone head. The directional characteristic is cardioid. Special features of this micro­phone are the independence of the directional characteristic from frequency and a response ex­tend­ed to the high-frequency end. The miniature construction makes it par­tic­u­lar­ly suitable for unobtrusive use in film and television studios.

Basic Features
The micro­phone is equipped with a newly developed capsule which is a pressure gradient transducer with an acoustical phase shift element. The diaphragm is made of temperature-stable polyester. It is vacuum gold-plated. The frequency response of the micro­phone extends from 40 cps to 18 kcps. A slight drop at 40 cps compen­sates for the bass rise at close range typical for all pressure gradient micro­phones. At the high-frequency end, the response shows a rise of approximately 2 dB.

Neumann U 64 mic

In the development of this new micro­phone, particular attention was paid to the inde­pend­ence of the directional characteristic from frequency. The fre­quency re­sponse curves for an angle of incidence of ±135° run nearly parallel. The attenua­tion at 135° is 15 dB in the range from 100 cps to 18 kcps. If, there­fore, the sound source moves in a three-quarters circle around the micro­phone, the level will vary, but the tone quality will remain constant. This would occur if, for instance, an actor changes his position during a recording or if people, during an interview, talk into the micro­phone from different directions. A further application is in the post-sync studio where changes in the tone quality may occur due to the speaker throwing his voice in a different direction when he is reading than when he is looking at the screen.

Neumann U 64 mic

The U 64 contains the capsule head and a complete amplifier stage. The output trans­former is astatically wound to avoid hum pick-up. The micro­phone has an internal resistance of 200 ohms, but can be connected for 50 ohms. micro­phones that have been connected for 50 ohms before leaving the factory are marked with a red dot beside the serial number. The cardinal direction of the capsule is in line with the axis of the micro­phone. Consequently, the micro­phone must be pointed toward the sound source. The difference between the U 64 and the KM 64 lies in the fact that the U 64 is equipped with a Nuvistor.* The Nuvistor is obtainable everywhere, and can be easily replaced as it has a plug-in socket. To avoid overloading the micro­phone amplifier when recording loud solo instruments at close range, a 10-dB attenu­ator can be switched in between the capsule and the micro­phone valve. This enables the highest sound levels that are likely to be met in practice to be recorded without distortion.

*See the Wikipedia entry for Nuvistor.

Neumann U 64 mic

Standard accessories for the U 64
The U 64 micro­phone is equipped with a five-pole Tuchel connector type T 3362. It is connected to the supply units by means of an extension cable type UC 1 or the micro­phone cable type UC 2, which has a swivel connecting stud for stand mounting. The U 64 can be fed from a portable power supply unit N 6, and the portable power supply unit N 62 can supply two U 64 micro­phones. For rack mounting, the plug-in power supply unit N 6k may be used, and the power supply units N 66 and N 66k can supply six type U 64 microphones.

Neumann U 64 mic

Specifications

Figure 1

Figure 2

Neumann U 64 power supply

The portable power supply unit NKMa* is suitable for supplying one KM 64* micro­phone from the mains. The heater and HT† voltages are stabilized. The output voltage from the micro­phone is obtained on a three-pole Tuchel con­nector type T 3081. The unit is connected to the mains by means of a mains connector according to DIN 49 493.

*The microphone seen on this page is a U 64, not a KM 64. Furthermore, the power supply shown here is an NKM, not an NKMa. Drawings of the NKMa can be found in the downloadable specifications that are available at the bottom of this page. Apologies for this inconsistency.

†High Tension?

Neumann U 64 power supply

Neumann U 64 power supply

Neumann U 64 cables

Text quoted from Neumann KM 64 U 64 910-02-01 specification sheet 305, January 1966

Neumann U 64 marketing brochure
Download the marketing brochure for this mic.
Six pages, 1.5 megabyte pdf

Neumann U 64 specifications
Download the specifications for this mic.
Eight pages, 444 kilobyte pdf
 

 

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